Students enrolled at our school who suffer from significant health problems deserve and require a supportive and flexible school environment that understands and responds to their individual needs. The purpose of this policy is to put procedures in place that minimise the risk of an anaphylactic reaction by students in our care.
Anaphylactic reactions can be life threatening. We have students enrolled at school who are anaphylactic. These students are allergic to nuts/nut products. Due to the age of students at school, it is not reasonable, even with education in regard to the issue, to assume the students will take appropriate precautions to minimise the risks of anaphylactic reactions by their peers. Therefore, parents and guardians are asked not to include nuts and nut products, especially peanut butter and Nutella, in their child's lunch or afternoon tea food items.
It is impossible to effectively ban the many products that have 'traces of nuts', therefore other procedures are in place to minimise the risk to anaphylactic students. It is also impossible to guarantee compliance with this policy by all parents/guardians and there will be times when other people prepare lunches for students, therefore other precautions are taken by the school to minimise the risk to anaphylactic students.
What is anaphylaxis?
Anaphylaxis is a severe and sudden allergic reaction. It occurs when a person is exposed to an allergen (such as a food or an insect bite). Reactions usually begin within minutes of exposure and can progress rapidly over a period of up to two hours or more. Anaphylaxis is potentially life threatening and always requires an emergency response. Fortunately, anaphylactic reactions are uncommon and usually preventable.
1.1 The parents/carers of anaphylactic students are required to meet with the Class Teacher and key staff to develop an individual plan that details the student's needs in the event of an anaphylactic reaction. In this meeting arrangements are to be made in regard to the provision of Epi Pens by the parents.
1.2 All staff associated with anaphylactic students will be made aware of the student's condition and requirements. Staff will be provided with professional development as required, including instructions in relation to using the Epi Pen. Professional development in this area will be updated regularly and, as a minimum, be revisited at the beginning of each school year.
1.3 Relief teachers will be provided with details of students with anaphylaxis.
1.4 All students are educated in relation to practices that minimise the risk to anaphylactic students. This education occurs in classes and assemblies.
1.5 Students are not allowed to share food that they bring to school. Special arrangements are made for anaphylactic students for class parties etc.
1.6 Students are seated and supervised at recess and lunch while they are eating. Anaphylactic students seating arrangements are monitored by staff member(s) on duty to minimise the risk of the student coming into contact with food containing nuts.
1.7 During whole school activities where consumption of food is involved, students are supervised by staff members to minimise the risk of coming into contact with nuts or nut products.
Purchases by students at commercial canteens e.g. swimming carnival, are closely monitored. At activities where the school operates a canteen, items sold are compatible with our Anaphylaxis Policy.
1.8 The school newsletter and other relevant handbooks will be used to highlight and reinforce the Anaphylactic Policy.
1.9 Children from Years Prep-6 wear their 'bum bag' with epi-pen and/or medication whilst out of the classroom during lunch/ playtime.
2.1 Copies of this policy are available on request and/or at our web page. www.olshdarra.qld.edu.au
2.2 Photo information data pages are on display in sick bay in the office.
3.1 Child experiences Anaphylactic episode in classroom.
3.1.1 Teacher (A) accesses the Epi Pen and administers it to the child. Teacher (A) then seeks assistance from Admin via telephone. The teacher with the patient then stays with him or her at all times and keeps him/her as calm as possible and reassures the patient that assistance is coming.
3.1.2 The Coordinator/Teacher (B) telephones the Front Office and informs the Front Office that a child is having an anaphylactic reaction and tells Front Office to telephone ambulance service for immediate assistance. The Coordinator/Teacher (B) should clearly specify the classroom involved.
3.1.3 The Coordinator/Teacher (B) proceeds immediately to the patient's classroom to assist Teacher (A) (alerting teacher in adjacent room to the situation on the way past).
3.1.4 The Front Office staff immediately telephone for an ambulance giving directions to the school.
3.1.5 The Front Office staff then informs Principal (or delegate if Principal is unavailable) that an ambulance has been called and details.
3.1.6 Teacher (A) remains with the child at all times.
3.1.7 The Coordinator/Teacher (B) manages the other students in the class while teacher (A) stays with patient.
3.1.8 Principal (or delegate) contacts parents and then Principal (or delegate) proceeds to the classroom to provide staff and students with support.
3.1.9 When ambulance arrives at the school, a staff member directs ambulance to appropriate classroom (or delegates this role to a teacher/teacher assistant who waits at the gate)
3.1.10 If parents have not arrived by the time the ambulance needs to depart a staff member travels with child to hospital.
3.1.11 Staff and Principal debrief after incident.
3.1.12 Teacher debriefs with students in class.
3.2 Child experiences Anaphylactic episode in the playground.
3.2.1 The teacher (A) on playground supervision duty sends for assistance to the office. The teacher with the patient must stay with him or her at all times and keep him/her as calm as possible and reassure the patient that assistance is coming.
3.2.2 Teacher (B) immediately proceeds to the playground where the child is located to assist in administering the Epi Pen.
3.2.3 After administering the Epi Pen, teacher (B) supervises other children in the playground.
3.2.4 The alerted staff member contacts Front Office and informs Front Office that a child is having an anaphylactic reaction and asks Front Office to telephone ambulance service for immediate assistance.
3.2.5 Front Office staff immediately telephone for an ambulance giving directions to the school.
3.2.6 The staff member contacts Principal (or delegate if unavailable).
3.2.7 The Principal (or delegate) contacts parents.
3.2.8 One staff member stays near to telephone to take messages.
3.2.9 One staff member waits for the ambulance and on arrival of ambulance directs ambulance to patient.
3.2.10 Any remaining staff proceed to the playground to assist with student management in the playground, ensuring clear access to patient.
3.2.11 If parents have not arrived by the time the ambulance needs to depart a staff member travels with child to hospital.
3.2.12 Staff and Principal debrief after incident.
3.2.13 Students are debriefed by teacher(s) and/or administration staff.
3.5 OUTSIDE SCHOOL CAMPUS ACTIVITIES
3.5.1 Epi pen is taken personally by the classroom teacher to the activity or the class teacher arranges for the supervising teacher to take Epi Pen/Instructions to the activity. A mobile phone must be taken to any off school site activities attended by the anaphylactic student.
3.5.2 In the event of an anaphylactic episode during the activity, the Epi pen should be administered to the student by a teacher from OLSH. A Teacher is required to contact the school Front Office via the mobile phone and seek ambulance service. The teacher must explain the exact location of the student. If not using the school mobile the teacher should give the mobile phone number to the Front Office staff.
3.5.3 Front Office staff will call an ambulance and direct to the location.
3.5.4 Front Office staff will inform Principal (or delegate) of the situation.
3.5.5 Normal contact procedures re parents as outlined above will be followed.